Welcome to Family Law
                Consulting, LLC

Back to Family Law
                Consulting LLC

20-21 September, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Dr. Garber is pleased to present:

Keeping Kids out of the Middle:
Assessing and addressing the needs of the triangulated child

(20 September, 2018 Keynote presentation)

Access PowerPoint

Finding fit in dysfunctional families:
Conducting efficient,effective, empirically-sound
and evidence-based child custody evaluations.

(21 September, 2018 full day training)

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                Consultants LLC
Who we are
About Dr. Garber
Keeping Kids Out Of The Middle
 Keeping families out of court
How do you take care of yourself?

Keeping Kids Out of the Middle

Developmental Psychology For Family Law

Holding Tight/Letting Go

These materials are provided for educational purposes only.
Please do not distribute or allow persons not enrolled in the seminar to access this page.

Resources and citations  in order of appearance
(use CNTRL + F to search this page for keywords)

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Access the KEYNOTE PowerPoint handout here: Access the KEYNOTE PowerPoint handout here

Access the FULL DAY PowerPoint handout here: Access the FULL DAY PowerPoint handout here

Access the MODEL CCE REPORT FORMAT here: Access the
                  MODEL CCE REPORT FORMAT

Access the SELECT CITATIONS (also provided below) here: Access the SELECT CITATIONS

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Select Citations

Ackerman , M. J. Pritzl , T. B. (2011). Child custody evaluations: A 20-year follow-up. Family Court Review, 49, 618-628.


Ackerman, M. J. and Pritzl, T. B. (2011), CHILD CUSTODY EVALUATION PRACTICES: A 20-YEAR FOLLOW-UP. Family Court Review, 49: 618–628.


Acklin , M. W. Cho-Stufier , L. (2006). The science    and art of parent-child observation in child custody evaluation. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice,    6, 51-62.


Acklin , M. W. Cho-Stutler , L. (2006). The science and art of parent-child observation in child custody evaluation. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 6(1), 51-62.


Ainsworth , M. Blehar , M. Waters , E. Wall , S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the Strange Situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.


American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (1987)


American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers Child Custody Standards (2011)


American Psychological Association Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations in Family Law Proceedings (2010)


Association of Family and Conciliation Courts (20XX). Guidelines for Examining Inter-partner Violence.

Association of Family and Conciliation Courts (AFCC) Model Standards of Practice for Child Custody Evaluation (2007)


Baker , J. K. Messinger , D. S. Ekas , N. V. Lindahl , K. M. Brewster , R. (2010). Non-expert ratings of

   family and parent-child interaction. Journal of Family Psychology, 24, 775-778.


Bala, N. (2005). Tippins And Wittmann Asked The Wrong Question: Evaluators May Not be "Experts," But They Can Express Best Interests Opinions. Family Court Review, 43(4), 554-562.


Benjamin, G.; Andrew H.; Gollan, Jackie K., (2003). Forensic practice guidebook. Family evaluation in custody litigation: Reducing risks of ethical infractions and malpractice, Forensic practice guidebook (pp. 49-64). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association, p. 67


Brown, D. A., Lamb, M. E., Lewis, C., Pipe, M.-E., Orbach, Y., & Wolfman, M. (2013). The NICHD Investigative Interview Protocol: An analogue study. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 19(4), 367-382. Pipe, M.-E., Orbach, Y., Lamb, M. E., Abbott, C. B., & Stewart, H. (2013). Do case outcomes change when investigative interviewing practices change? Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 19(2), 179-190.


Crittenden, P. M., Farnfield, S., Landini, A., & Grey, B. (2013). Assessing attachment for family court decision making. Journal of Forensic Practice, 15(4), 237-248.


D. Martindale, Ph.D. (2015). AFCC eNews 10.2015 “Much is Forgotten in 123 Years” Accessed 10.26.2015 at: https://afcc.networkats.com/uploads/ES/2015/10%20Oct/2015_10_Oct_



Dessau, L. (2005). A Short Commentary on Timothy M. Tippins and Jeffrey P. Wittmann's "Empirical and Ethical Problems With Custody Recommendations: A Call for Clinical Humility and Judicial Vigilance". Family Court Review, 43(2), 266-269. .


DiFonzo, J. H. (2014). From the rule of one to shared parenting: Custody presumptions in law and policy. Family Court Review, 52(2), 213-239. 


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Erard, R. (2005). What the Rorschach can contribute to child custody and parenting time evaluations. In Flens & Drozd (Eds.), Psychological Testing in child custody evaluations. American Psychological Association, p. 120.


Garber, B.D. & Simon, R.A. (2018). Individual Adult Psychometric Testing and Child Custody Evaluations: If the Shoe Doesn’t Fit, Don’t Wear It. Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers, 30 (2), 325-341.


Garber, Benjamin D. (2016). Exploring a process-oriented forensic family observation protocol. Family Court Review, 54(2), 261-276.


Garber, Benjamin D. (2007). Developing a structured interview tool for children embroiled in family litigation and forensic mental health services: The Query Grid. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 7(1), 1-18.


Garber, Benjamin D. (2014). The chameleon child: Children as actors in the high conflict divorce drama. Journal of Child Custody, 11, 1-16.

Garber, Benjamin D. (2009). Attachment methodology in custody evaluation: Four hurdles standing between developmental theory and forensic application. Journal of Child Custody, 6(1&2), 38-61.


Gould , J. W. Martindale , D. A. (2007). The art and science of  child custody evaluations. New York: Wiley, p. 87


Gould, J. W., & Martindale, D. A. (2005). A Second Call for Clinical Humility and Judicial Vigilance: Comments on Tippins and Wittmann (2005). Family Court Review, 43(2), 253-259.


Hynan , D. J. (2003). Parent-child observations in custody evaluations. Family Court Review, 41, 214-



Hynan , D. J. (2003). Parent-child observations in custody evaluations. Family Court Review, 41(2), 214-223.


Hynan, D. J. (1998). Interviewing children in custody evaluations. Family and Conciliation Courts Review, 36, p. 473

Hynan, D. J. (2013). Use of the Personality Assessment Inventory in child custody evaluation. Open Access Journal of Forensic Psychology, 5, p. 129


Keilin , W. G. Bloom , L. J. (1986). Child custody evaluation practices: A survey of experienced professionals. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 17, 338-346.


Kelly, J. B., & Johnston, J. R. (2005). Commentary on Tippins and Wittmann's "Empirical and Ethical Problems With Custody Recommendations: A Call for Clinical Humility and Judicial Vigilance". Family Court Review, 43(2), 233-241.


King, H. E. (2013). Assessment in custody hearings: Child custody evaluations. In K. F. Geisinger, B. A. Bracken, J. F. Carlson, J.-I. C. Hansen, N. R. Kuncel, S. P. Reise, & M. C. Rodriguez (Eds.), APA handbooks in psychology. APA handbook of testing and assessment in psychology, Vol. 2. Testing and assessment in clinical and counseling psychology (pp. 587-605). P. 590


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Krauss, D. A., & Sales, B. D. (2001). The child custody standard: What do twenty years of research teach us? In S. O. White (Ed.), The Plenum series in crime and justice. Handbook of youth and justice (pp. 411-435).


Lee, S. M., Borelli, J. L., & West, J. L. (2011). Children's attachment relationships: Can attachment data be used in child custody evaluations? Journal of Child Custody: Research, Issues, and Practices, 8(3), 212-242.


Loveland, R.J. Parent/Child Observations and Home Visits During Custody Evaluations



Martin, L. (2005). To Recommend or not to Recommend: That is not the Question: A Response to Tippins and Wittmann's Article "Empirical and Ethical Problems with Custody Recommendations: A Call for Clinical Humility and Judicial Vigilance". Family Court Review, 43(2), 246-252.


Nielsen, L. (2017). Re-examining the research on parental conflict, coparenting, and custody arrangements. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 23(2), 211-231.


Pickar, D. B. (2007). On being a child custody evaluator: Professional and personal challenges, risks, and rewards. Family Court Review, 45(1), 103-115.

Pokman, V., Rossi, F. S., Holtzworth-Munroe, A., Applegate, A. G., Beck, C. J. A., & D'Onofrio, B. M. (2014). Mediator’s Assessment of Safety Issues and Concerns (MASIC): Reliability and validity of a new intimate partner violence screen. Assessment, 21(5), 529-542.


Price, E. A., Ahern, E. C., & Lamb, M. E. (2016). Rapport‐building in investigative interviews of alleged child sexual abuse victims. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 30(5), 743-749.


Riggs, S. A. (2005). Is the Approximation Rule in the Child's Best Interests?: A Critique from the Perspective of Attachment Theory. Family Court Review, 43(3), 481-493.


Rossi, F. S., Holtzworth-Munroe, A., & Rudd, B. N. (2016). Intimate partner violence and child custody. In L. Drozd, M. Saini, & N. Olesen (Eds.), Parenting plan evaluations: Applied research for the family court (pp. 346-373). New York, NY, US: Oxford University Press.


Saini, Michael & Polak, Shely (2014). The ecological validity of parent-child observations: A review of empirical evidence related to custody evaluations. Journal of Child Custody: Research, Issues, and Practices, Vol 11(3), 181-201.


Schmidt , R.; Cutress , L. J.; Lang , J.; Lewandowski , M.; &J. Rawana , J. S. (2007). Assessing the parent-child relationship in parenting capacity evaluations: Clinical applications of attachment research.

    Family Court Review, 45, 247-258.


Simon, R.A. & Shelton, K. (2014). Issues in Parent-    Child Observations in Child Custody Evaluations

    Conference : AFCC 51st Annual Conference – Navigating the Waters of Shared Parenting:

    Guidance from the Harbour.


Stahl, P. M. (2005). The Benefits and Risks of Child Custody Evaluators Making Recommendations to the Court: A Response to Tippins and Wittmann. Family Court Review, 43(2), 260-265.


State-by-state in US: https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/best_interest.pdf#page=2&view=Best%20interests%20factors


Tippins, T. M., & Wittmann, J. P. (2005). Empirical and Ethical Problems With Custody Recommendations: A Call for Clinical Humility and Judicial Vigilance. Family Court Review, 43(2), 193-222.


Warshak, R. (2015). Securing children's best interests while resisting the lure of simple solutions. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 56(1),, 57-79.


Warshak, R. A. (2007). Punching the parenting time clock: The approximation rule, social science, and the baseball bat kids. Family Court Review, 45(4), 600-619.


Waters , E. Beauchaine , T. P. (2003). Are there really patterns of attachment? Comment on Fraley and Spieker (2003). Developmental Psychology, 39, 417-422.


Welch, D. “Statute Note….”

Wyer, M.; Gaylord, S.; Grove, E. & Weithorn, L. (Eds.), (1987). Psychology and child custody determinations: Knowledge, roles, and expertise. Lincoln, NE, US:: University of Nebraska Press


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For courts and judicial officers
For lawyers, attorneys and pro se
For Guardians ad
                        forensic family evaluators
Read more here

Ten Forms for Forensic Family Evaluation

Roadmap to the Parenting Plan Workbook

The HealthyParent's ABCs

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