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Benjamin D. Garber, Ph.D.

AFCC/AAML Conference

San Diego, California

September, 2017


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“Can you hear me now?

Interviewing children amidst the systemic pressures of

high conflict family litigation”


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About Dr. Garber
Keeping Kids Out Of The Middle
 Keeping families out of court
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Keeping Kids Out of the Middle

Developmental Psychology For Family Law

Holding Tight/Letting Go

These materials are provided for educational purposes only.
Please do not distribute or allow persons not enrolled in the seminar to access this page.

Resources and citations  in order of appearance
(use CNTRL + F to search this page for keywords)

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Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act (1979). 9A Uniform Laws Annotated, Sec. 316.


The Children‘s Act of Great Britain (1989)


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African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (Article 7: Freedom of Expression; 1999)

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European Convention on the Exercise of Children's Rights (Article 6 – Decision-making process; 2000)

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United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (Article 13)

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Hague convention on the civil aspects of international child abduction (1980)

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H v. W. (1995), F.L.C. 92-598 (Full Court of the Family Court of Australia)

per Baker J. at 81, 967


Haberman v. Haberman Saskatchewan Court of Queen’s Bench Yorkton DIV 03661/07


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L.E.G. v. A.G., 2002  British Columbia Supreme Court, 1455


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B.J.G. v. D.L.G. (2010) Yukon, Canada 44


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H.T.G. Andrews, “The Legal Representation of Children in Custody and Protection Proceedings: A Comparative View” in Abella and L’Heureux-Dubé (eds.), “Family Law: Dimensions of Justice” (Butterworths) (1983), 241 at 268.


Hannon v. Eisler (1955), 270 Wis. 469, 71 N.W.2d 376


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Martindale, D. A., Martin, L., Austin, W. G., Drozd, L., Gould-Saltman, D., Kirkpatrick, H. D., . . . Hunter, L. (2007). Model Standards of Practice for Child Custody Evaluation. Family Court Review, 45(1), 70-91.


American Association of Matrimonial Lawyers (2011). Child Custody Standards.


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US Department of Justice (09.2015). Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Child Forensic Interviewing: Best Practices.




OF MARSHA J. KLEINMAN, PSY.D., (07.13.2012) LICENSE NO. 35S100231900,


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Gould , J. W. Martindale , D. A. (2007). The art and science of child custody evaluations. New York: Wiley,


Pickar, D. B. (2007). On being a child custody evaluator: Professional and personal challenges, risks, and rewards. Family Court Review, 45(1), 103-115.


Child-centered Family Evaluation Service Agreement (Dr. Garber’s generic working model). 

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Johnson, M. 2009. The investigative windows of opportunity: The vital link to corroboration in child sexual abuse cases. Centerpiece: The Official Newsletter of the National Child Protection Training Center 1(9):1–4


American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children. 2012.  Practice Guidelines: Forensic Interviewing in Cases of Suspected Child Abuse. Chicago, IL: APSAC.


Lamb, M.E., Orbach, Y., Sternberg, K.J., Hershkowitz, I., and Horowitz, D. 2000. Accuracy of investigators’ verbatim notes of their forensic interviews with alleged child abuse victims. Law and Human Behavior 24(6):699–708.


Ceci, S. & Bruck, M. (2000). Why judges must insist on electronically preserved recordings of child interviews.” Court Review, 37, 8-10.


Idaho v. Wright, 1990


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Ariel, B., Farrar, W. A. & Sutherland, A. (2015). The effect of police body-warn cameras on use of force and citizens’ complaints against the police: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 31(3), 509-535


Saini, M., & Polak, S. (2014). The ecological validity of parent-child observations:

A review of empirical evidence related to custody evaluations. Journal of

Child Custody: Research, Issues, and Practices, 11(3), 181-201.

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Crenshaw, David A. & Stella, Lori (2015).  Court testimony: Animal-assisted trauma-informed play therapy to help traumatized child and adolescent witnesses. In Webb, Nancy Boyd (Ed.), Play therapy with children and adolescents in crisis, 4th ed., , (pp. 334-351). New York, NY, US: Guilford Press.


Annon, J.S., (1994). Recommended guidelines for interviewing children in case of alleged sexual abuse. IPT Journal, 6(3).

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Hynan, D. J. (1998). Interviewing children in custody evaluations. Family and Conciliation Courts Review, 36, p. 472


Lyon, T. D., & Evans, A. D. (2014). Young children’s understanding that promising guarantees performance: The effects of age and maltreatment. Law and Human Behavior, 38(2), 162-170


Kandel, R.F. (1994). Just Ask the Kid! Towards a Rule of Children’s Choice in Custody Determinations, 49 Univ. MIAMI Law. Review, 299


Crosby-Currie, C. A. (1996). Children's involvement in contested custody cases:

Practices and experiences of legal and mental health professionals.

Law and Human Behavior, 20(3), 289-311. p. 291


Kaslow, F. W., & Schwartz, L. L. (1987). Frontiers in couples and family therapy. The dynamics of divorce: A life cycle perspective. Philadelphia: Brunner/Mazel.


Levy, A.M. (1979) “Many Facets of Child Custody Consultation” as cited in J.S. Leon, “Recent Development in Legal Representation of Children: A Growing Concern With the Concept of Capacity” 1 Can. J. Fam. L. 375


Kuehnle, K., Greenberg, L. R., & Gottlieb, M. C. (2004). Incorporating the Principles of Scientifically Based Child Interviews into Family Law Cases. Journal of Child Custody: Research, Issues, and Practices, 1(1), 97-114.


Perkins J., in S.P. v. P.B.D., 2007, Ontario, Canada, Supreme Court


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Wallis v. Wallis, 200 A. 2d 164 – Maryland Court of Appeals 1964


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Drapak v. Drapak, 1986 688, Saskatchewan Queen’s Bench


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Jordana v. Corley, 220 N.W.2d 515, North Dakota, 1974


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Garber, Benjamin D. (2011). Parental alienation and the dynamics of the enmeshed dyad: Adultification, parentification and infantilization. Family Court Review, 49(2), 322-335


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Garber, Benjamin D. (2007). Developing a structured interview tool for children embroiled in family litigation and forensic mental health services: The Query Grid. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 7(1), 1-18


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For courts and judicial officers
For lawyers, attorneys and pro se
For Guardians ad
                        forensic family evaluators
Read more here

Ten Forms for Forensic Family Evaluation

Roadmap to the Parenting Plan Workbook

The HealthyParent's ABCs

Caveat lector